Diplomasi kavramı, diploma adlı belgelerden gelmektedir. Diploma “el yazısıyla yazılmış ve ikiye katlanmış kağıt belge” anlamında kullanılmıştır.* Diplomasi, savaş, ekonomik yöntemler ve propaganda gibi uluslararası aktörlerin dış politikadaki araçlarından biridir. Tarihi devirlerin başlangıcından itibaren kullanılan bir araç olmasına rağmen modern anlamda diplomasiyle İtalyan Kent Devletleri’nde karşılaşıyoruz. 1815 Viyana Kongresi’nde diplomatların sıfatları ve derecelerinin belirlenmesiyle diplomasi hem uluslararası hem de hukuksal olarak modern haline kavuşmuştur. 1. ve 2.Dünya Savaşları’nın yaşanmasıyla birlikte diplomasi, uluslararası aktörler tarafından sıkça kullanılan bir araç haline gelmeye başlamıştır.
Diplomasi’nin kısaca tarihçesi bu şekilde, fotoğrafta da gördüğünüz gibi farklı tarihi kişilikler diplomasiyi farklı şekillerde tanımlamışlardır. Sizler bu konu hakkında ne düşünüyorsunuz, sizce diplomasinin dış politikada önemi nedir? *Diplomasi Tarihi -1, Dora Yayıncılık, Barış Özdal, Kutay Karaca
#kurtuluşsavaşı#enverpaşa#atatürk #kırım#tarih#türkçü #atsız#tarihnotlari#history#notes#historylovers#warhistory#diplomacy#diplomasi#siyasitarih#politics#worldwar2#worldwar1#worldhistory#normandia#stalingrad
....Seryozha–an affectionate version of the name Sergey–considered himself an assistant to the Major. He went to the headquarters every morning and reported on his readiness to carry out new assignments, but did not take part in combat operations. Sergey’s tasks included carrying messages and delivering newspapers and letters to the divisions. During battles, he also offered soldiers water, cartridges, and grenades.
Once, while delivering the newspaper, Sergey noticed suspicious people in a haystack and reported them to the artillery commander. It turned out that the people were German artillery fire spotters, hiding in the haystack with a walkie-talkie. The spotters were neutralized, and Sergey received gratitude from the command.
Later, during German shelling, the regiment commander’s dugout was destroyed. Nobody except Sergey saw that Major Vorobiev was under the rubble. Frightened, Sergey unsuccessfully tried to move the logs. Then he ran for help and only because of this, the commander was saved. As a result, the youngest soldier received his first medal “For Military Merit” and Marshal Chuikov gave him a pistol, presumably a Walther P38....
To be continued....
.....For their complicity with the partisans, the villagers were executed as well. The 10-year-old older brother of Sergey, named Petya, was hanged, and his mother was shot while trying to protect her son. Thanks to a neighbor, Sergey escaped through a window and ran into the forest. There he wandered until August 1942 when, during the fighting in the direction of Kozelsky and Soviet scouts found him.
Sergey was by that time was physically and psychologically exhausted, and his body was full of scabs from insect bites. How long he spent in the woods he could not answer. Scouts covered Sergey in a horse blanket and brought him to the staff dugout...
To be continued...